Category Archives: Uncategorized

Personality Traits and Leadership


Certain personality traits are positively related to leader effectiveness and team performance. These personality traits include surgency, emotional stability, conscientiousness, and agreeableness. Even though there are no universal personality traits that are predictors of leader effectiveness in all situations, some … Continue reading

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Moral Leadership


There seems to be considerable attention focused on the moral attributes of leaders such as honesty, integrity, compassion, and courage.  O’Toole (1996) describes this phenomenon as “values-based leadership” and posits that good ethics and morality directly influence a person’s leadership … Continue reading

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Leadership and Management


  Although all managers perform the traditional management functions of planning, organizing, staffing, controlling and directing, it seems that the higher the management level within an organization the more important it is for the manager to practice a greater degree … Continue reading

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Leadership Characteristics


 From ancient time to the postmodern period, theorists have produced a wide array of personal characteristics and skills in their effort to define an ideal leader. Early period attributes related to a leader being a singular source of authority and … Continue reading

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The Concept of Leadership


There are a myriad of leadership definitions and they vary in complexity. For instance, Dwight Eisenhower made a simple, pragmatic definition when he stated, “Leadership is the ability to decide what is to be done, and then getting others to … Continue reading

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Considerations for Successful Innovation Management


In an ambitious, global environment it is important for businesses to achieve competitive advantages that can enable their organization to earn better than average returns. Competitive advantage can be achieved by possession of important assets, control of natural resources, or … Continue reading

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Government Policy and Poverty Reduction


I recently read the IMF article, “Macroeconomic Activity and Poverty Reduction,” and found it quite revealing regarding the sources of poverty. I frequently thought of the countries of North Korea, Somalia, and Ethiopia while reading the article especially relative to … Continue reading

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The Auburn Creed


Today I discovered the creed of Auburn University and was stirred by its lucid, sensible message.  In my opinion, words such as these can help guide us to lead  more fruitful, productive lives and should be shared with friends and … Continue reading

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Cultural Effects on Consumer Behavior


Consumer behavior is largely dependent on cultural factors consisting of mutually shared operating procedures, unstated assumptions, tools, norms, values, standards for perceiving, believing, evaluating, and communicating.  Cultural factors vary by country but become increasingly complex when people immigrate to foreign … Continue reading

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Influence of Cultural Reference Groups on Consumers.


  The elements of culture consist of mutually shared operating procedures, unstated assumptions, tools, norms, values, standards for perceiving, believing, evaluating, and communicating. Culture is a macro-level perspective of a population whereas cultural reference groups are a micro-level perspective of … Continue reading

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